What is the PDPA? The Personal Data Protection Act 2010 (“PDPA”) is the law regulating the processing of personal data in connection with commercial transactions. It was viewed in June 2010. The penalty for non-compliance is between RM100K and RM500K and/or 1 to 3 years imprisonment.
What is the Data Protection Act and what does it protect?
The Data Protection Act (DPA) is an Act of the British Parliament passed in 1988. It was developed to control how personal or customer information is used by organizations or government agencies. It protects people and removes rules about how data about people can be used.
What is the Data Protection Act simplified?
The Data Protection Act 2018 (the “Act”) applies to “personal data”, which is information relating to an individual. It gives individuals the right to access their personal data through subject access requests, including rules that must be followed when personal data is processed.
What are the 4 principles of the Data Protection Act?
Data Minimization. Accuracy. Storage limitations. Integrity and confidentiality (security)
What are the main 8 principles of the Data Protection Act?
What are the eight principles of the Data Protection Act?
|Law of 1998||GDPR|
|Principle 2 – Purpose||Principle (b) – Purpose limitation|
|Principle 3 – Relevance||Principle (c) – data minimization|
|Principle 4 – Accuracy||Principle (d) – Accuracy|
|Principle 5 – Retention||Principle (e) – Storage Restrictions|
Who does Data Protection Act apply?
As part of the law, the DPA 2018 relates to any organization that uses personal data. Under the GDPR, personal data is defined as information about an identified or identifiable person that can be used or may be used to identify an individual.
Why is data protection so important?
And you need to protect it. This is because people can be harmed if their personal data falls into the wrong hands. Depending on the circumstances, they could become victims of identity theft, discrimination, or even physical harm.
What are data protection standards?
Data protection ensures that data is uncorrupted, accessible only for authorized purposes, and in compliance with applicable legal or regulatory requirements. If necessary, protected data is available and can be used for its intended purpose.
What are your responsibilities under the Data Protection Act?
The law is based on seven key principles that govern how you and your business approach the processing of personal data Personal data is processed lawfully, completely and transparently. It is collected for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes. It is limited to what is necessary.
How do you ensure data privacy?
The following guidelines should be followed when managing data confidentiality
- Encrypt sensitive files.
- Control data access.
- Physically secure devices and paper documents.
- Securely dispose of data, devices, and paper records.
- Manage data collection.
- Manage data usage.
- Manage devices.
What replaced the Data Protection Act?
The GDPR (like the DPA before it) now applies to the processing of “personal data.”
What are the 5 key responsibilities of a data protection officer?
Several GDPR articles (35, 37, 38, 39) list five tasks for DPOs
- Monitoring compliance with GDPR.
- Data Protection Impact Assessment (DPIA).
- Cooperation with supervisory authorities.
- Risk-based approach.
- Record keeping.
Which is personal data?
Personal data is information relating to an identified or identifiable individual. What identifies an individual can be as simple as a name or number, or can include other identifiers such as IP addresses, cookie identifiers, or other factors.
How do you maintain confidentiality?
Maintaining day-to-day confidentiality ensures that sensitive conversations are held only in private spaces. Record and access only necessary and relevant information. Change required logins and passwords and keep IT system security measures and programs up to date.
What is considered private information?
According to the bill, “personal information” includes name, social security number, driver’s license number, credit or debit card number, financial account number (as long as the authorized person has access to the account) , biometric information, user name or email address…
Do all companies need a data protection officer?
Answer. The company/organization must appoint a DPO, whether a controller or processor. Its core activities may include the processing of sensitive data on a large scale or the regular and systematic monitoring of individuals on a large scale.
Who is protected by GDPR?
The GDPR is a legal standard that protects the personal data of European Union citizens and affects organizations that store or process personal data, even if they do not have a business presence in the EU.
Is a phone number personal data?
For example, telephone, credit card, or headcount numbers, account data, number plates, appearance, customer numbers or addresses are all personal data. Since the definition includes “any information,” it must be assumed that the term “personal data” should be interpreted as broadly as possible.
What are five types of sensitive data?
What is considered confidential information?
- PII – Personally identifiable information.
- PI – Personally Identifiable Information.
- SPI – Sensitive personal information.
- NPI – Non-public personally identifiable information.
- MNPI – Material non-public information.
- Personal Information.
- PHI / EPHI – (Electronic) Protected Health Information.
Who does GDPR not apply to?
The UK GDPR does not apply to certain activities, such as the processing of law enforcement directives, processing for national security purposes, and processing carried out by individuals for personal/household activities.
What are examples of private information?
- Social Security Number.
- Date of birth.
- Telephone number.
- Home address.
- Health Information
- Parking lease.
What is a personal data breach?
A personal data breach is a breach of security that results in the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorized disclosure or access of personal data. This includes breaches that are the result of both accidental and intentional causes.
Who is the most responsible to protect your privacy?
It is the government’s duty to protect the privacy and personal information of its citizens.
Who is responsible for a data breach?
Data owners are responsible for data security. For this reason, they are usually considered liable for breaches. Of course, the data owner may be able to claim that they did everything necessary to ensure the security of the data.
What is an example of breach of confidentiality?
For example, two employees talking about confidential client information in a public place may accidentally disclose that information to a passerby. In such a scenario, these individual employees could violate the confidentiality implications for their actions.
What are 5 ways to maintain confidentiality?
Five Ways to Maintain Patient Confidentiality
- Create thorough policies and confidentiality agreements.
- Provide regular training.
- Ensure that all information is stored in a secure system.
- No cell phones.
- Consider printing.
What is not considered personal information?
Non-PII data is simply anonymous data. This data cannot be used to distinguish or track personal identities such as names, social security numbers, dates of birth, or biometric records.
Is your name personal information?
Names themselves, like addresses, are not personal information. A name is personal information if it appears to reveal other personal information about an individual or if the disclosure of the name reveals other personal information about the individual.